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Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing weakens efforts to manage fisheries sustainably and also threatens food and livelihood security in coastal communities.
In the Philippines, marine biodiversity loss and fisheries decline have a significant impact since fish provide more than 50 percent of dietary protein and serve as an important source of nutrients.
The activity will address issues in illegal wildlife trade, illegal logging, and illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing--all serious environmental crimes in the biodiversity hotspot.
The human rights crisis in the Philippines unleashed since President Rodrigo Duterte took office in June 2016 deepened in 2018 as Duterte continued his murderous “war on drugs” in the face of mounting international criticism.
The Bureau designed and developed the System with technical assistance from the program and the U. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Law Enforcement Management Information System developers. This new activity aims to conserve biodiversity in key protected areas in the Philippines and demonstrate the integration of conservation and development outcomes.
The activity will achieve these dual objectives using a systems approach that involves capacity building and technical assistance, conservation finance and partnerships, behavior change, science and technology and environmental law enforcement. Executive Order 13648—Combating Wildlife Trafficking and the U. Presidential Memorandum on the Comprehensive Framework to Combat Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing and Seafood Fraud as well as to Philippine programs on the same.
Television white space repurposes unused broadcast frequencies to provide high speed wireless Internet access at a low cost and with minimal infrastructure requirements, making it a promising solution in developing countries.
With successful implementation, over 16,000 fisherfolk have been registered in the pilot —nearly a quarter through television white space.
In addition, a registration of municipal fishing vessels and gear programs was launched in 2015.
An estimated 1.7 million small-scale or municipal fishers are the poorest of the poor—four out of ten Filipino fishers live below the poverty line, earning about /day (PHP195/day).
Under the Ecosystems Improved for Sustainable Fisheries activity, USAID assisted the Government of the Philippines, local governments, the private sector and stakeholders to strengthen fisheries governance, management and enforcement.
With USAID support, NOAA is training the Bureau and other enforcement agencies in setting up and analyzing information on an Alert System for Boat Detection for municipal waters and seasonal closure of critical fisheries. The new enforcers will be trained using the Fishery Law Enforcement Training module, incorporating the Fishery Law Enforcement Manual of Operations developed with assistance from the program.
Continuing assistance will also be provided to the Bureau’s Fisheries Law Enforcement Management Information System, a system for tracking and managing maritime violations. Department of the Interior’s International Technical Assistance Program provides technical support to the task forces and interagency law enforcement groups to improve coordination across agencies and facilitate the investigation and prosecution of environmental crimes including those related to IUU fishing.